HISTORY OF EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE
: The Temple of Amon-Ra at Karnak, 12th dynasty-Ptolemaic period, c.2000 B.C.-c.220 B.C. ; Karnak, Egypt.
- The temple of Karnak which is located 4km north from Luxor is the largest and the most complicated architecture in Egypt.
- Since Middle Kingdom, Thebe was a center of cult of Amon and Karnak had become the most important sancturary of Amon-Ra in Thebe.
- The complex of Karnak as a center of the cult of Amon has two axises which define the composition of the world of Karnak.
The axsis of the east to the west correspond with the orbit of the sun and means the sun in the heaven or real terra.
The axsis of the south to the north correspond the Nile and means absolute power of the gods and pharaoh.
The night view of the temple of Amon-Ra.
- Avenue of cryocephalous sphinxes and the first Pylon.
- A short avenue of cryocephlous sphinxes leads to the first and largest pylon, 113m wide and 15m thick, constituting the monumental entrance to the temple.
The simple and unadorned pylon dates back to the Ptolemaic Dynasty.
The temple of Amon-Ra; Avenue of cryocephalous sphinxes, west side.
- The sphinxes with the heads of rams, sacred to Amon, represent the god that protected the Pharaoh protrayed by animals' paws.
Photo: Shoji Hiramatsu
: Avenue of cryocephalous sphinxes
: Temple of Ramesses III; Facade
: Temple of Ramesses III; Courtyard
: Temple of Ramesses III; Hypostyle hall
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Ethiopian courtyard
: Temple of Seti II
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 1
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 2
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 3
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 4
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 5
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Obelisk
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Helaldic pillars
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 1
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 2; interior
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 3
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 4; Scenic view
: Scenic view
: Distant view; Obelisk
: 8th and 9th Pylon
: Night view
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