HISTORY OF EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE
: The Temple of Amon-Ra at Karnak, 12th dynasty-Ptolemaic period, c.2000 B.C.-c.220 B.C. ; Karnak, Egypt.
Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall (XIX Dynasty),
- The hypostyle hall is 102m (from north to south) by 53m (from east to west) square featuring 134 columns. The largest one in Egypt.
The columns are 23m high and have open papyrus-shapeded capitals head.
It is a real forest of columns, whose dimensions and plays on light and shade create incredible emotions.
- The central nave, commenced towards 1375 B.C. under Amenhotep III who designed it as a simple colonnade towards the sanctuary of Amon, has a different height from the lateral columns which were started under Horemheb, continued by Seti I and Ramesses II and finally completed under Ramesses IV.
- Two rows of columuns of the center axis of the hypostyle hall are open papyrus columns which are 20m high, 3.6m in diameter and 15m in circumferance at the top.
Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall,
north view seen from center of the hypostyle hall.
- The Obelisk beyond the hypostyle hall is of Tuthmosis I, 23m high and 143 tons in weight.
Photo: Shoji Hiramatsu
: Avenue of cryocephalous sphinxes
: Temple of Ramesses III; Facade
: Temple of Ramesses III; Courtyard
: Temple of Ramesses III; Hypostyle hall
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Ethiopian courtyard
: Temple of Seti II
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 1
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 2
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 3
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 4
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Hypostyle hall 5
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Obelisk
: Temple of Amon-Ra; Helaldic pillars
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 1
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 2; interior
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 3
: Temple of Tuthmosis III 4; Scenic view
: Scenic view
: Distant view; Obelisk
: 8th and 9th Pylon
: Night view
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