HISTORY OF GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
Cathedral, Amiens No.1
: Cathedral Amiens; France, Amiens; about 1220-1410
- Cathedral Amiens is the largest and most Classical of French cathedrals in Gothc era.
The height of the ceiling is about 42.3m (about 37m at Cathedral Chartres, about 38m at Cathedral Reims) and the width of the nave is about 14.6m.
The Cathedral Amien was built in 1152 with the Romanesque style and burnt in 1218 by lightnings.
The reconstruction was started in about 1220 and the nave was completed in about 1245.
The choir was started to reconstruct in about 1238 and completed befor 1269 and the most of part including transept was completed in 1288.
The south tower was constructed in about 1366, the north tower was done in about 1401.
The nave was constructed threee meter higher than original plan so that the design of the west facade was changed.
- Viollet-le-Duc (Eugene Emmanuel, 1814-79) arranged and repaired the gyrally over the rose window of west facade and the top of the north tower in 1849 onward.
- Inside shows the sign of the new way of the matured Gothic design such as the triforium of the choir.
It was fitted by stained grasses and produced bright upper part of the elevation with clerestory as if it was two-story
Originally the triforium of the nave was to be fitted by stained grasses as well as the choir but it changed to the wall because of the structural reason for the three meter extention of the nave's height.
The style of the seven radiating chapels facing double ambulatory of the choir became a model of the cathedrals.
- West facade at the night time.
Photo: Yasuhiko Nishigaki
BACK TO HISTORY OF GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
BACK TO HISTORY OF WESTERN ARCHITECTURE
BACK TO HOME