HISTORY OF MANNERISM ARCHITECTURE
: Museo Capitolino, Italy, Roma; 1644-55; Girolamo Rainaldi
- The Museo Capitolino is a palazzo which is faced to the Piazza del Campidoglio(below to the left of the image).
The facade of the building was copied from the Pallazzo dei Conservatori(1564-68) which facade was redesigned by Michelangelo Buonarroti.
- The Piazza del Campidoglio, which was planed by Michelangelo, has a axis from the approach to the Palazzo del Senatore(1592-98).
The Museo Capitolino was planed the opposite side of the Pallazzo dei Conserbatori symmetrically, only for the Piazza del Campidoglio but not for usage of the building.
Both of the Pallazzo dei Conserbatori and the Museo Capitolino has 80 degrees angle with the Pallazzo del Senatore, therefore the plan of the piazza is trapezoid and reverce perspective.
- The statue of Marcus Aurelius (the pedestal was designed by Michelangelo) placed at the center of the piazza, and the floor was paved with oval pattern.
- The Museo Capitolino has scaleouted columns which is called "Giant Order". Giant Order columns show as if the builing has two facade, one is two storied building,s face and the other is scaleouted one story building's facade. The manners of scaleout and overlap would become typical manners of the Mannerism and Baroque style.
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