HISTORY OF RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE
S. MARIA DELLA PACE (Cloister)
: S. Maria della Pace (Cloister), Roma, Italy; 1500-04; by Donato Bramante
- Bramante(1444-1514) moved from Milan to Roma in 1499 and then he started to study many Roman architectures. Since then he tried to reproduce the real Roman architecture.
S. Maria Della Pace and Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio are early works in his Roman days.
- Cloister designed by Bramante.
- The design of the cloister of the ground floor is more solid and heavy than Early Renaissance style's with slender columns joined by arch. His attempt to design as Roman architecture, for example Colloseum, is done successfully but this is not true Roman style yet.
- The cloister is devided into two stories and two openings of upper floor is corresponding to each bay of the ground floor.
This method is comparable with the Ionic cloister of Sant'Ambrogio in Millan, designed by Bramante in his Millan days, which has not Roman style but Early Renaissanse style.
The propotion of the Pace cloister is one of his best completion.
- The facade of S. Maria Della Paceis a Baroque architecture designed by Pietro da Cortona(1596-1669).
Photo: Shoji Hiramatsu
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