HISTORY OF ROMAN ARCHITECTURE
TEMPLE OF FORTUNA VIRILIS (TEMPLE OF PORTUMNUS)
: Fortuna Virilis, Italy, Roma; B.C.1c
Temple of Fortuna Virilis (temple of Portumnus)
- The temple stood by the Portus Tiberinus in Roman times. The temple was dedicated to the god Portumnus, protector of harbors and sea trade.
In 872, it was turned into a Christian church.
- The small and elegant building stand on tall base and trabrtine columns have Ionic order.
The basic style of a temple was peripteros style in Greek times. In Roman times, the columns combined walls of the sacrid room to pilaster. Greek sculpturesque temples turned into Roman picturesque one as if the form tured into the frame, or, as if the signification turned into the sign.
- Simmlar temple is Masion Carree (Nimes, France) which is little bigger and has Corinthian style.
Photo: Shoji Hiramatsu
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