27)Shin-Nagata station North District
Mitsuhiro Kubo, Kubo Urban Planning Office
K-33, K-35, K-37, K-46
Nagata, Meiji 18 (1885)
War rihabilitation land readjustment area and earthquake disaster area
Resoration of life to regain life of personal level
Construction of city new development of industry and life
1) Nagata was an area with a rectangular lot system
The land readjustment project to the north of Shin-Nagata station (42.6ha) is the largest of the earthquake disaster areas. Its project plan was decided on July 9, Heisei 8. A Machizukuri organization was set up in every town in this district. Each of the organizations has been doing characteristic machizukuri activity and developing machizukuri plan. They set up the "Machizukuri joint organization for north district of Shin-Nagata station", to allow cooperation between the machizukuri organizations.
Though readjustment of arable land had been done in this district, it was not a war rehabilitation land readjustment area as there were relatively few houses burnt down by war damage. As a result, there were many old wooden houses in the area, and there was considerable earthquake damage. The area was designated for land readjustment after the earthquake.
100 square meter blocks became a basic unit for each community, an area where people helped each other after the earthquake, and machizukuri organization resulted. Many neighborhood organizations were set up, giving opportunities for residents to participate in close-at-home machizukuri. They are trying a new development by technical skills of land readjustment project as a tool of reconstruction for machizukuri.
2) Restoration of life and construction of city
Reconstruction machizukuri must address both urgent "restoration of life" issues and "construction of city" for the future under the condition of inner city tendency.
"Restoration of life" : The earthquake disaster disrupted peoples' lives greatly. Nagata was many aged residents and small businesses. "Restoration of life" is difficult for both of these groups is a most urgent problem. Reconstruction machizukuri aims to help people regain their former lives including their human relationships. The important points that should be considered for "restoration of life" are (1)"reconstruction at early stage" (2)"supply of cheap housing" (3)"continuation of community and human relations."
"Construction of city" : In this district, housing, industry and commerce have developed together. Businesses related to the synthetic shoe industry form the core of the community. We cannot regain a prosperous district without planning for the long-term success of this industry. Small business people worry about the future of the industrial infrastructure as well as their individual concern about restoration of life.
3) Reconstruction of urban space north of Nagata station --- the creation of a residential environment, a district where people live safely and comfortably.
The 1st city planning designation
The land adjustment project to the north of Shin-Nagata station which was designed in March 1995 shows, 1: construction of major roads (city planning roads) going north-south and east-west at roughly 200 m intervals (one is 300m. ). Construction of main roads every two block is of rectangular lot system. 2: Arrangement of a 1 ha-- neighborhood park (disaster prevention park). 3: Rough locations of the main community roads and the parks within the larger blocks.
Though we didn't hear directly from the administration about the intention of its first land readjustment plan, we can easily understand that they adopted the binary plan system. This is intended to maintain the consistency of the plan, in both wide and narrow area, and both long and short period, and also intend to link together the plan of the administration and possibility of its realization by participation of the residents.
The city's land readjustment plan is a general long-term infrastructure plan to form the basic spatial outline of the area, while allowing flexibility within the larger blocks.
The primary task for the machizukuri organizations is to plan and develop ways to fill in the details within the larger plan. Therefore we should consider whether the city's outline plan will result in a space that is desirable for the residents.
The appraisal judging from the condition of the district.
When we consider the city's plan for main roads in the context of the conditions in the district thus far, we might say the following.
(1) The proposed street system with 8m wide roads at about a 100m mesh, with every road one-way for automobiles is will not serve the district's needs. It does not adequately serve the district's industrial traffic, and will result in traffic jam and unsafe conditions for pedestrians.
Construction of sidewalks and a main roads with two-way traffic would concentrate automobile traffic and to make it possible to form residential districts of 200 square meters where people could live safely and comfortable, with safe automobile traffic.
(2) It will also make it possible to arrange pedestrian-friendly community roads crossing the residential district parallel to the major roads.
(3) The Goinoike line arranged in the north-south direction in the center of the district is a symbolic regional transportation axis of the Nagata area, and the Hosoda line arranged in the east-west direction in the center of the district is a symbolic main road of the northern area of the station. The opinion of the organization about the main roads is concerned mainly with width of the roads.
|Condition of road network|
|Basic model for living environment block and arrangement of community road|
|Table-1 Stage for forming plan and decison of plan|