[1]Jung & von Franz, 127.
[2]Graves, G.M. 1, 94.
[3]Tuchman, 41.

Barbara G. Walker : The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets (Harper & Row, 1983)


John William Waterhouse(1849-1917)
「オデュッセウスに盃を差し出すキルケー(Circë offering the Cup to Ulysses)」

Oil on canvas
58 5/8 x 36 1/8 inches (149 x 92 cm)
Oldham Art Gallery, Oldham, England
Added 9/15/2002
 Waterhouse was inspired by Homer's Odyssey to paint several other masterpieces, one of which is Cirë Offering the Cup to Ulysses. Circë was a beautiful sorceress who turned mortals into animals by giving them a wine filled with an evil potion. Circë used such a potion on Ulysses' crew turning them into pigs while Ulysses AKA (Odysseus) was taking care of another matter. Ulysses learned of this and was able to attain a medicine from hermes to prevent Circës potions from having an effect on him. he went to Circë who had him drink the potion to turn him into a pig as well, when it did not work Ulysses drew his sword and threatened Circë who, in disbelief, begged him to forgive her.
 Waterhouse portrays Circë cup in one hand, wand in the other, surrounded by purple flowers, the color of royalty, offering the potion to Ulysses. She thinks herself a queen. She sits on a golden throne, roaring lions depicted on each arm. By her side lies a pig, perhaps one of Ulysses' men. There are other animals portrayed in the painting depicting other mortals who fell into Circë's grasp, including a toad in the foreground and a duck which can be seen reflected in the left side of the mirror behind her. Also in the mirror, Ulysses himself can be seen fists clenched, ready to attack.
--Kara Ross